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The other day my wife asked me, “What would you tell your younger self?”

“Things are more complex than they appear. Simple answers are not helpful. There are multiple factors and perspectives to issues and challenges.”

After a few more minutes I said, “And I would tell my younger vocational self in light of that, ‘Learn more about addiction.’”

My understanding in those early years was very limited and narrow.

I regret certain things I said and did in my ministry relative to my approach to recovery and my expectations for those in recovery.

After almost thirty-five years in the industry, having served thousands of addicts along with doctoral studies in the field, I no longer believe something I once championed evangelistically.

Addiction is NOT curable.

Now before you stop reading and lift that quote from this article (and I pray not, hang me out to dry), a few qualifiers:

  • By addiction, I am referring to those who meet the criteria of alcohol dependency and/or substance use disorder (although many process addictions would qualify as well).
  • Addiction is a bio-psycho-social condition. Whatever the initial reasons, addiction impacts the entire human being in profound and permanent ways. In terms of neurology alone, addiction recalibrates the brain, altering brain function with regard to reward system, motivation, learning, and memory. The late author and Christian psychiatrist, Gerald May, argued, “Years after a major addiction has been conquered, the smallest association, the tiniest taste, can fire up old cellular patterns once again.”
  • By saying that addiction is not “curable,” I am contending that the while the daily experience of addiction may be managed, the state of addiction lasts a lifetime.

More on the later point, but a story first.

My mom was diagnosed with cancer in 1989. She fought hard against this dreaded disease, undergoing various forms of chemotherapy, radiation, and experimental medication. She had periods of respite, and her life had some normalcy to it.

But those chapters were brief.

The better part of her journey was fraught with fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and excruciating pain. Her battle was intense and difficult to watch.

Our family prayed earnestly that God would heal her. We stood on God’s Word and believed that her miracle would come.

It did not. She died after eleven long years.

We live between the ages—between Christ’s first coming and His second. Resurrection power has been infused in the cosmos, but the full manifestation of Christ’s redemption will not be realized until He comes again. So, as St. Paul puts it, “We groan inwardly as we wait eagerly” (Romans 8:23).

One thing we never said when mom’s cancer was momentarily under control was, “She’s healed. The cancer is gone.” No, her cancer was in remission, stagnate for the moment. But we were always conscious of the possibility that cancer could rear its ugly head once again if the right conditions presented themselves.

Addiction is like that. It is a chronic condition that individuals must learn to live with and monitor. It never goes away completely. That is why no one in the recovery world says, “I’m recovered.” Recover-ing, yes; recover-ed, no. Cancer patients understand this all too well as do those diagnosed with diabetes and high blood pressure. There are practices, regimens, dietary requirements, medications, etc. that—when followed—can prolong and improve one’s life.

Many times. But not all the time.

Addiction (like cancer and other diseases) is complex.

Now, back to the “not curable” statement about addiction.

As one whose theological and ecclesiastical roots are in Pentecostalism, I believe in divine healing and often pray for it when praying for others. But as life shows, these special God-interruptions of the natural order are more the exception than the rule. And eventually, all those who have been touched by God’s grace in this manner still die . . . sooner or later.

Yes, God can heal anybody of anything. So any disease, any disorder—any addiction—can be “cured.” That is the desired end, but that is not the norm. In a fallen world, all of us, all of our lives, will struggle with broken bodies, minds, and hearts until our final breath.

Too often, however, our expectations are out of line with reality and, thus, our hopes are crushed. We must consider that maybe our afflictions are disguised graces, designed to draw us closer to God and one another. And this includes our addictions. Maybe they are not meant to be finally and fully “cured” until the next world.

If addiction is not curable, where does this leave us?

At compassion’s door.

Our moralistic self is prone to judging those with perceived weakness, to look down on those who act in irresponsible and destructive ways. But those evil tendencies lessen as we understand addiction as a chronic condition that intensifies inordinate desires and undermines personal autonomy. Alcoholics and addicts are not fundamentally bad people but sick people. They need a helping hand, not a pointing finger.

We must commend those who fight and keep fighting this excruciatingly difficult disease when it would be so much easier to just give up.

Families also need compassion. Too many parents struggle with false guilt and shame as their son or daughter reels in the awful vice of addiction. “Where did we go wrong? What did we fail to do?” None of us are in the place nor have enough information (or wisdom) to make any kind of pronouncement.

Our role is to simply come alongside and lovingly support all those who suffer both directly and indirectly from addiction.

One more thing I’d tell my younger self: God’s salvation makes a profound and lasting difference.

Addiction encompasses many categories and, therefore, demands multiple languages and perspectives. It is not only a biological, psychological, and social phenomena; it is also a spiritual condition. This dimension expands the conversation and opens new possibilities for healing and wholeness.

As those who are beautifully made in God’s image yet marred by sin, we need not only recovery but rebirth. We need God’s forgiveness, reconciliation, and righteousness. And such has been made available through Jesus Christ.

Addiction may not be curable, but it is treatable.

Why some are able to break free of the vicious cycle and live normal lives and others are not is a mystery only God knows.

It is complex.

What we can know and have absolute confidence in is that amidst the troubles and conflicts of life “the Almighty God of the universe has purposed to make us perfectly holy and gloriously happy . . . and (that) literally nothing can thwart (his) purpose for us!” (Timothy Keller from his commentary on Romans 8).

In the meantime, in between the ages, may we trust in the sovereign love and wisdom of God.


  • Karen Dutil says:

    Dear Jeff, your heart has always desired to see those struggling with addiction to find help and most of all to find Jesus and his great love. And now he has honored that desire and filled you with so much understanding and compassion. This article gave me so much comfort. Thank you.

  • CATHY R. HENDRIX says:

    Dr. Jeff: I absolutely love reading your blogs. So incredibly educational, insightful, thought-provoking and HELPFUL. I have been damaged by the impact of addiction on those I love. The things you share, I share with others as I am in pursuit of my MSW degree. My family member went through Life Challenge in 2019 and this program, with Christ as the foundation, has changed his life. I have learned so much and learned to see him as one who is chronically ill instead of one who is choosing to suffer and cause others to suffer because of his addiction. Thank you for the work you do. Thank you for Life Challenge and thank you for your writings. I need them. Cathy

  • Scott Fryling says:

    I agree that addictions are complex with some similarities to diseases that attack the body. Most people have no problem taking medications for heart disease, high blood pressure, etc.
    Why not allow people to be helped by medication for the mind? There are many safe and effective medications for the brain/mind. Some people have poor sleep which in turn feeds anxiety and depression. Why not allow a doctor/psychiatrist help a person with safe, non-addicive medications?
    Scott – (a Christian nurse in the mental health field)

  • Jeremy Gyorke says:

    It is going to take me some time to ponder that more deeply.. Have you discovered at all in your studies that as addiction changes neurochemistry that the mind can also be renewed and reprogrammed over time? Of course we know from Paul’s life that there was a thorn in his flesh that was meant to be there to reveal God’s grace and power. Yet how do we reconcile that with Jesus’s statement of how he came so that we might live an abundant life? Just wondering if it would be more accurate to say those who have experienced addiction can never let their guard down? Freedom is available. But then again anyone regardless of addiction or not should not let their guard down because we are warned he who thinks he stands take heed unless he falls. Regardless, compassion and love is our calling.

  • Jeff, this is one of the very best short pieces on addiction I’ve ever read!! Thanks for putting in the work over the years – educationally, theologically, spiritually, relationally – to arrive, by God’s grace, where you are today. Well done, sir!!

  • Margaret Duncan says:

    Great words of wisdom Jeff.
    Practicing exercising the fruits of the spirit with everyone and not just a selected few will bring encouragement and hope to those who feel like they suffer alone.

  • Debra Burkeen says:

    Thank you for such an honest assessment of addiction. I family has experienced it in many different ways. Thank you for the hope you have given in your article. I plan to pass it along to others in my family. Thank you again

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